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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2008 Jan;52(1):13-22. Epub 2007 Dec 11.

Osteomyelitis and the role of biofilms in chronic infection.

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1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland-Baltimore, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

Abstract

Understanding the mechanisms implicated in the initial attachment, development, and maturation of a biofilm phenotype are of tremendous importance for their effect on the medical, industrial, and public health arenas. This review explores the current understanding of the nature of biofilms and the impact that molecular interactions between the bacteria themselves, as well as between bacteria and the host, may have on biofilm development and phenotype using the nonmotile Gram-positive coccus, Staphylococcus aureus, as an example.

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