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Neth J Med. 2007 Dec;65(11):425-33.

Morbidity and mortality in first-degree relatives of C282Y homozygous probands with clinically detected haemochromatosis compared with the general population: the HEmochromatosis FAmily Study (HEFAS).

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1
Department of Clinical Chemistry, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Family screening has been suggested as a sophisticated model for the early detection of HFE-related hereditary haemochromatosis (HH). However, until now, controlled studies on the morbidity and mortality in families with HH are lacking.

METHODS:

Data on iron parameters, morbidity and mortality were collected from 224 dutch C282Y-homozygous probands with clinically overt HH and 735 of their first-degree family members, all participating in the HEmochromatosis fAmily study (HEfAs). These data were compared with results obtained from an age- and gender-matched normal population. HEfAs and controls filled in similar questionnaires on demographics, lifestyle factors, health, morbidity and mortality.

RESULTS:

A significantly higher proportion of the HEfAs first-degree family members reported to be diagnosed with haemochromatosis-related diseases: 45.7 vs 19.4% of the matched normal population (McNemar p<0.001). Mortality among siblings, children and parents in the HEFAS population was similar to that in the relatives of matched control.

CONCLUSION:

In this study we show that, morbidity among first-degree family members of C282Y-homozygous probands previously diagnosed with clinically proven HH is higher than that in an age- and gender-matched normal population. Further studies are needed to definitely connect these increase morbidity figures to increase prevalenc of the C282Y mutated HFE-gene and elevated serum iron indices.

PMID:
18079565
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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