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Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2008 Jun;17(4):245-54.

Heterogeneity in the pharmacodynamics of two long-acting methylphenidate formulations for children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. A growth mixture modelling analysis.

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  • 1School of Psychology, Institute for Disorders of Impulse and Attention, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK. ejb3@soton.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To use growth mixture modelling (GMM) to identify subgroups of children with attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) who have different pharmacodynamic profiles in response to extended release methylphenidate as assessed in a laboratory classroom setting.

METHODS:

GMM analysis was performed on data from the COMACS study (Comparison of Methylphenidates in the Analog Classroom Setting): a large (n = 184) placebo-controlled cross-over study comparing three treatment conditions in the Laboratory School Protocol (with a 1.5-h cycle of attention and deportment assessments). Two orally administered, once-daily methylphenidate (MPH) bioequivalent formulations [Metadate CD/Equasym XL (MCD-EQXL) and Concerta XL (CON)] were compared with placebo (PLA).

RESULTS:

Three classes of children with distinct severity profiles in the PLA condition were identified. For both MCD-EQXL and CON, the more severe their PLA symptoms the better, the children's response. However, the formulations produced different growth curves by class, with CON having essentially a flat profile for all three classes (i.e. no effect of PLA severity) and MCD-EQXL showing a marked decline in symptoms immediately post-dosing in the two most severe classes compared with the least severe. Comparison of daily doses matched for immediate-release (IR) components accounted for this difference.

CONCLUSION:

The results suggest considerable heterogeneity in the pharmacodynamics of MPH response by children with ADHD. When treatment response for near-equal, bioequivalent daily doses the two formulations was compared, marked differences were seen for children in the most severe classes with a strong curvilinear trajectory for MCD-EQXL related to the greater IR component.

PMID:
18071840
DOI:
10.1007/s00787-007-0667-3
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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