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Best Pract Res Clin Haematol. 2007 Dec;20(4):701-15.

Bortezomib in multiple myeloma.

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  • 1Servicio de Hematologia, Hospital Universitario, Salamanca, Spain.


Multiple myeloma (MM) remains an incurable disease, and novel agents are therefore needed to improve outcome. Bortezomib is the first proteasome inhibitor to be approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products for the treatment of refractory/relapsed MM. Bortezomib has demonstrated significant anti-myeloma activity as a single agent in refractory/relapsed MM. When used in combination with other agents, responses have suggested the possibility of chemosensitization and synergy. All these facts have been the rationale for the use of bortezomib-based regimens as upfront treatment in young and elderly newly diagnosed MM patients. Furthermore, bortezomib does not appear to have an adverse effect on subsequent stem-cell collection. Bortezomib is well tolerated; most side-effects are only mild to moderate and manageable. Practical management of these side-effects is given so that they can be recognized and minimized by dose modification or concomitant therapy.

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