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Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 2007 Sep;43(9):810-6.

[The effect of lentivirus-mediated suicide gene therapy on lens epithelial cells].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Eye and ENT Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200031, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the cytotoxicity of lentivirus-mediated herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase/ganciclovir (HSV-TK/GCV) suicide gene therapy on human lens epithelial cell line and analyze the mechanism of cell death.

METHODS:

a lentiviral containing the Lenti-HSVtk-EGFP as therapeutic vector and Lenti-EGFP as the control were used in the study. Transfection efficiency in vitro was assessed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Expression of HSV-tk in lens epithelial cells (LECs) mediated by lentivirus was examined by fluorescence microscope, genomic PCR and reverse transcription PCR. The cytotoxicity of HSV-TK/GCV suicide-gene system was assessed using DNA ladder and electron microscope. The time dependent transfection efficiency and bystander effect induced by the HSV-TK/GCV in LECs were evaluated.

RESULT:

the transduction efficiency was higher than 95%. When concentration of GCV was 15-25 microg/ml, apoptosis or necrosis was induced by Lenti-HSVtk-EGFP in HLE. The cytotoxicity was enhanced with increased time of transfection and concentration of GCV. Non transfected cells were also effectively killed by mixing the cell with GCV transfected cells (Bystander effect).

CONCLUSION:

GCV can effectively kill the LECs with the expressing of HSV-tk. Bicistronic lentiviral vectors can efficiently integrate multiple genes into LECs, therefore, it is a reliable vector for gene therapy; lentivirus mediated HSV-tk/GCV suicide gene therapy may provide an effective approach for the treatment of posterior capsule opacification.

PMID:
18070527
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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