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Int J Prosthodont. 2007 Nov-Dec;20(6):617-22.

Dental implants as strategic supplementary abutments for implant-tooth-supported telescopic crown-retained maxillary dentures: a retrospective follow-up study for up to 9 years.

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Department of Prosthodontics, University of Vienna, Austria.



The aim of this retrospective study was to present the results of implants and natural teeth used as combined abutments to support maxillary telescopic prostheses.


Between 1997 and 2004, 22 patients with residual maxillary teeth underwent prosthodontic rehabilitation with supplementary implant placement of implant-tooth-supported telescopic prostheses. A total of 60 supplementary implants (mean: 2.9 implants; SD: 1.6; range: 1 to 5 per patient) were placed in strategic position and connected with 48 natural abutment teeth (mean: 2.2 teeth; SD: 0.9; range: 1 to 4 per patient) using telescopic crowns. The follow-up registration included implant and natural tooth survival rates and peri-implant and periodontal parameters, along with prosthodontic maintenance. Natural tooth abutments were additionally followed to compare their periodontal parameters at baseline to the follow-up examination.


After a mean of 38 months (12 to 108 months) no implants or natural tooth abutments were lost (survival rate: 100%). There was no fracture, endodontic treatment, loss, or intrusion of natural teeth used for telescopic abutments. Implant abutments showed high stability and excellent periimplant soft tissue conditions. Natural tooth abutments used for double crowns also showed uneventful progress. A low rate of prosthodontic maintenance was seen, with implant screw abutment loosening as the most severe complication (3 of 60 implants; 5%).


On the basis of this retrospective clinical review, the following conclusions were drawn: (1) successful function over a prolonged period and a minor complication rate of implant-tooth-supported telescopic maxillary dentures may be anticipated, and (2) the great variety of treatment modalities offered by tooth-implant support for telescopic prostheses appears to be useful as a treatment option for the maxilla in elderly patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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