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Clin Psychol Rev. 2008 Jun;28(5):759-82. Epub 2007 Nov 6.

Empirical evidence of cognitive vulnerability for depression among children and adolescents: a cognitive science and developmental perspective.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Division of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA. rhjacobs@northwestern.edu

Abstract

We summarize and integrate research on cognitive vulnerability to depression among children and adolescents. We first review prospective longitudinal studies of the most researched cognitive vulnerability factors (attributional style, dysfunctional attitudes, and self-perception) and depression among youth. We next review research on information processing biases in youth. We propose that the integration of these two literatures will result in a more adequate test of cognitive vulnerability models. Last, we outline a program of research addressing methodological, statistical, and scientific limitations in the cognitive vulnerability literature.

PMID:
18068882
PMCID:
PMC2365464
DOI:
10.1016/j.cpr.2007.10.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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