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Biophys J. 2008 Feb 15;94(4):L26-8. Epub 2007 Dec 7.

Sensitive detection of malaria infection by third harmonic generation imaging.

Abstract

Malaria remains a major health concern worldwide, with 350-500 million cases reported annually in endemic countries. In this study, we report a novel and highly sensitive optical-based detection of malaria-infected blood cells by third harmonic generation (THG) imaging of hemozoin pigment that is naturally deposited by the parasite during its lifecycle. The THG signal from the hemozoin was greater than we have observed in any cell type with signal/noise ratios that reach 1000:1. This method allows a rapid and robust detection of early stage infections of blood cells. The immense nonlinear response of the intrinsic parasitic by-product pigments suggests that automated optical detection by THG could be used for sensitive and rapid screening of parasite infection in blood samples.

PMID:
18065455
PMCID:
PMC2212690
DOI:
10.1529/biophysj.107.125443
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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