Send to

Choose Destination
Endocrinology. 2008 Mar;149(3):1338-49. Epub 2007 Dec 6.

Exendin-4 modulates diabetes onset in nonobese diabetic mice.

Author information

Department of Medicine, Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X5.


Activation of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) is associated with expansion of beta-cell mass due to stimulation of cell proliferation and induction of antiapoptotic pathways coupled to beta-cell survival. Although the GLP-1R agonist Exenatide (exendin-4) is currently being evaluated in subjects with type 1 diabetes, there is little information available about the efficacy of GLP-1R activation for prevention of experimental type 1 diabetes. We examined the consequences of exendin-4 (Ex-4) administration (100 ng once daily and 2 microg twice daily) on diabetes onset in nonobese diabetic mice beginning at either 4 or 9 wk of age prior to the onset of diabetes. Ex-4 treatment for 26 wk (2 microg twice daily) initiated at 4 wk of age delayed the onset of diabetes (P = 0.007). Ex-4-treated mice also exhibited a significant reduction in insulitis scores, enhanced beta-cell mass, and improved glucose tolerance. Although GLP-1R mRNA transcripts were detected in spleen, thymus, and lymph nodes from nonobese diabetic mice, Ex-4 treatment was not associated with significant changes in the numbers of CD4+ or CD8+ T cells or B cells in the spleen. However, Ex-4 treatment resulted in an increase in the number of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in the lymph nodes and a reduction in the numbers of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells in the thymus but not in lymph nodes. These findings demonstrate that sustained GLP-1R activation in the absence of concomitant immune intervention may be associated with modest but significant delay in diabetes onset in a murine model of type 1 diabetes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center