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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Feb 1;366(1):186-92. Epub 2007 Dec 4.

Comparative proteomic and transcriptomic profiling of the human hepatocellular carcinoma.

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Nano Electronics Research Laboratories, NEC Corporation, 34, Miyukigaoka, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8501, Japan.


Proteome analysis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was done using two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis. To gain an understanding of the molecular events accompanying HCC development, we compared the protein expression profiles of HCC and non-HCC tissue from 14 patients to the mRNA expression profiles of the same samples made from a cDNA microarray. A total of 125 proteins were identified, and the expression profiles of 93 proteins (149 spots) were compared to the mRNA expression profiles. The overall protein expression ratios correlated well with the mRNA ratios between HCC and non-HCC (Pearson's correlation coefficient: r=0.73). Particularly, the HCC/non-HCC expression ratios of proteins involved in metabolic processes showed significant correlation to those of mRNA (r=0.9). A considerable number of proteins were expressed as multiple spots. Among them, several proteins showed spot-to-spot differences in expression level and their expression ratios between HCC and non-HCC poorly correlated to mRNA ratios. Such multi-spotted proteins might arise as a consequence of post-translational modifications.

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