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J Dermatol Sci. 2008 Jan;49(1):63-72. Epub 2007 Dec 3.

Interleukin-1beta and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in dermal fibroblasts mediate UVA-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1 expression.

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Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.



Exposure to solar UV radiation is the main environmental factor that causes premature aging of the skin. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-1 is a member of the MMP family and degrades types I and III collagens, which are the major structural components of the dermis.


We evaluated the involvement IL-1beta and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in MMP-1 expression under ultraviolet A (UVA) irradiation.


IL-1beta and MIF in MMP-1 expression in cultured human dermal fibroblasts and the UVA effects on MMPs production using IL-1alpha/beta-deficient mice were analyzed. Furthermore, fibroblasts derived from MIF-deficient mice were used to analyze the effect of IL-1beta-induced MMPs production.


IL-1beta-enhanced MIF expression and induced MMP-1 in cultured human dermal fibroblasts. IL-1beta-induced MMP-1 expression is inhibited by neutralizing anti-MIF antibody. Dermal fibroblasts of IL-1alpha/beta-deficient mice produced significantly decreased levels of MMPs compared to wild-type mice after UVA irradiation. Furthermore, fibroblasts of MIF-deficient mice were much less sensitive to IL-1beta-induced MMPs production. On the contrary, IL-1beta produced significantly decreased levels of MMPs in MIF-deficient mice fibroblasts. The up-regulation of MMP-1 mRNA by IL-1beta stimulation was found to be inhibited by a p38 inhibitor and a JNK inhibitor. In contrast, the MEK inhibitor and inhibitor were found to have little effect on expression of MMP-1 mRNA.


IL-1beta is involved in the up-regulation of UVA-induced MMP-1 in dermal fibroblasts, and IL-1beta and MIF cytokine network induce MMP-1 and contribute to the loss of interstitial collagen in skin photoaging.

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