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J Plant Res. 2008 Jan;121(1):87-96. Epub 2007 Dec 4.

Salt-induced plasticity of root hair development is caused by ion disequilibrium in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Plant Cell and Chromosome Engineering, Center for Agricultural Resources Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050021, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Root hair development is controlled by environmental signals. Studies on root hair plasticity in Arabidopsis thaliana have mainly focused on phosphate and iron deficiency. Root hair growth and development and their physiological role in response to salt stress are largely unknown. Here, we show that root epidermal cell types and root hair development are highly regulated by salt stress. Root hair length and density decreased significantly in a dose-dependent manner on both primary roots and junction sites between roots and shoots. The root hair growth and development were sensitive to inhibition by ions but not to osmotic stress. High salinity also alters anatomical structure of roots, leading to a decrease in cell number in N positions and enlargement of the cells. Moreover, analysis of the salt overly sensitive mutants indicated that salt-induced root hair response is caused by ion disequilibrium and appears to be an adaptive mechanism that reduces excessive ion uptake. Finally, we show that genes WER, GL3, EGL3, CPC, and GL2 might be involved in cell specification of root epidermis in stressed plants. Taken together, data suggests that salt-induced root hair plasticity represents a coordinated strategy for early stress avoidance and tolerance as well as a morphological sign of stress adaptation.

PMID:
18060349
DOI:
10.1007/s10265-007-0123-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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