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The effects of nucleoside analogues on promoter methylation of selected tumor suppressor genes in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines.

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Department of Biomedical Chemistry, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.


The effects of 2-chloro-2'-deoxyadenosine, 9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-2-fluoroadenine, and 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine on promoter methylation of the selected tumor suppressor genes (i.e., ERalpha, BRCA1, RARbeta2, E-cadherin, PTEN, and APC) were estimated using methylation-sensitive restriction analysis. The studies were carried out in hormone-responsive, low-invasive cell line MCF-7 and hormone-insensitive, highly invasive cell line MDA-MB-231. The results demonstrate an implication of the tested adenosine analogues and 5-aza-dCyd in regulation of DNA methylation process. Moreover, the effects of nucleoside analogues on PTEN promoter methylation suggest distinct mechanism of regulation of the epigenetic DNA modification in low-invasive compared to highly invasive breast cancer cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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