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J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2008 Jan-Feb;10(1-2):77-87.

Oridonin induces human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cell apoptosis through tyrosine kinase and mitochondrial pathway.

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China-Japan Research Institute of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, China.


Oridonin, a diterpenoid isolated from the plant Rabdosia rubescens, induces human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cell death through apoptosis and tyrosine kinase pathway. To examine the pathway of oridonin-induced A431 cell death, morphologic observation, lactate dehydrogenase activity-based assay, DNA agarose gel electrophoresis and Western blot analysis were carried out. When A431 cells, which overexpress epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), were treated with oridonin, caspase-3 was activated followed by the degradation of caspase-3 substrates, inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase (ICAD) and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in a time-dependent manner. Oridonin promoted the release of cytochrome c and the down-regulation of mitochondrial transmembrane potential (DeltaPsim). Oridonin up-regulated the expression ratio of mitochondrial proteins, Bax/Bcl-2. In addition, the total tyrosine kinase activity of A431 cellular proteins and the expression of EGFR were markedly reduced after oridonin treatment. Taken together, oridonin induced apoptosis in A431 cells via mitochondrial pathway, activation of caspase-3 and inhibition of tyrosine kinase activities.

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