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J Clin Virol. 2008 Jan;41(1):25-8. Epub 2007 Dec 4.

Detection of human influenza A (H1N1) and B strains with reduced sensitivity to neuraminidase inhibitors.

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Virologie et Pathologie humaine, CNRS FRE 3011, Université Lyon 1, 7 rue Guillaume Paradin, 69372 Lyon cedex 08, France. <>



Neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs) have been used since 2005 in France.


Influenza viruses isolated in hospital and community cases in winter 2005-2006 were evaluated for their sensitivity to NAIs.


Isolates were tested in duplicate with a fluorescence-based neuraminidase assay. The IC50 for oseltamivir or zanamivir was calculated for each strain. Mean IC50 (+/-S.D.) are expressed in nM. Viruses with IC50 superior or very superior to the upper limit (mean IC50+2.5 S.D.) were considered as outliers or resistant viruses, respectively. HA and NA genes for outliers, resistant strains and for a few sensitive strains were sequenced.


Out of 225 B isolates, one was found resistant to both oseltamivir and zanamivir with a D197Y mutation in NA and eight isolates were outliers for oseltamivir and/or zanamivir. Out of 151 A (H1N1) isolates, one was found resistant to oseltamivir but sensitive to zanamivir with a H275Y mutation in NA, two isolates were resistant to zanamivir and three isolates were outliers for oseltamivir and/or zanamivir. New mutations were detected in outliers compared to sensitive viruses.


Resistant influenza strains to NAIs are circulating at a stable and low level of 1% since the introduction of NAIs in clinical practice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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