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Vaccine. 2007 Dec 12;25(51):8637-41. Epub 2007 Aug 13.

The impact of a new universal infant and school-based adolescent hepatitis B vaccination program in Australia.

Author information

  • 1Centre for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Public Health and Institute of Clinical Pathology and Medical Research Building, 3rd Floor, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales 2145, Australia. hgidding@nchecr.unsw.edu.au

Abstract

We compared the results of two national serosurveys in Australia to evaluate the impact of universal infant vaccination and school-based programs for adolescents. Immunity improved significantly overall, especially in 1-year-olds (40.0% versus 86%; p<0.0001); in adolescents it was significantly higher in regions with established school-based programs (56.6% versus 38.8%; p=0.0008). 6.1% of 1-59-year-olds were positive for HBcAb and 0.7% for HBsAg. We have demonstrated successful implementation of universal infant hepatitis B vaccination in Australia and that school-based programs for adolescents are effective. This experience should be applicable to low prevalence countries in northern Europe which have not implemented universal hepatitis B immunisation.

PMID:
18054127
DOI:
10.1016/j.vaccine.2007.07.046
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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