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J Cataract Refract Surg. 2007 Dec;33(12):2054-6.

Change in the accommodative convergence per unit of accommodation ratio after bilateral laser in situ keratomileusis for myopia in orthotropic patients: prospective evaluation.

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Cornea and Refractive Surgery Services, Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.



To analyze the effect of bilateral laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) on the accommodative convergence per unit of accommodation (AC/A) ratio in otherwise normal orthotropic myopic patients.


Cornea and refractive services of a tertiary-care ophthalmic center.


This prospective clinical trial consisted of 61 myopic patients who had bilateral LASIK. Those with manifest tropia, previous squint surgery, amblyopia, or absent or impaired binocularity or those in whom monovision was planned were excluded. The preoperative examination included visual acuity, cycloplegic refraction, assessment of binocularity, a prism cover test, and evaluation of the stimulus AC/A ratio by the gradient method. All patients had LASIK using the Zyoptix platform (Bausch & Lomb). Postoperative evaluation included uncorrected and best corrected visual acuities, residual refraction, and the AC/A ratio.


All patients had a follow-up of 9 months. There was significant decrease in the mean AC/A ratio at the 1-week and 1-month follow-ups. The AC/A progressively recovered to near preoperative values between 3 months and 9 months after surgery (analysis of variance test). There was a significant reduction in the number of symptomatic patients from the first month onward (chi square = 89.23; P<.001).


The AC/A ratio varied after LASIK, stabilizing between 3 months and 9 months after surgery. This suggests that the maximum variation in the accommodation-convergence relationship after LASIK occurs in the first 3 months.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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