Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Biotechnol. 2007 Nov 30;7:85.

A new generation of pPRIG-based retroviral vectors.

Author information

INSERM U790 and IFR54, Institut Gustave Roussy, PR1, 39 Rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif, France.



Retroviral vectors are valuable tools for gene transfer. Particularly convenient are IRES-containing retroviral vectors expressing both the protein of interest and a marker protein from a single bicistronic mRNA. This coupled expression increases the relevance of tracking and/or selection of transduced cells based on the detection of a marker protein. pAP2 is a retroviral vector containing eGFP downstream of a modified IRES element of EMCV origin, and a CMV enhancer-promoter instead of the U3 region of the 5'LTR, which increases its efficiency in transient transfection. However, pAP2 contains a limited multicloning site (MCS) and shows weak eGFP expression, which previously led us to engineer an improved version, termed pPRIG, harboring: i) the wild-type ECMV IRES sequence, thereby restoring its full activity; ii) an optimized MCS flanked by T7 and SP6 sequences; and iii) a HA tag encoding sequence 5' of the MCS (pPRIG HAa/b/c).


The convenience of pPRIG makes it a good basic vector to generate additional derivatives for an extended range of use. Here we present several novel pPRIG-based vectors (collectively referred to as PRIGs) in which : i) the HA tag sequence was inserted in the three reading frames 3' of the MCS (3'HA PRIGs); ii) a functional domain (ER, VP16 or KRAB) was inserted either 5' or 3' of the MCS (<< modular >> PRIGs); iii) eGFP was replaced by either eCFP, eYFP, mCherry or puro-R (<< single color/resistance >> PRIGs); and iv) mCherry, eYFP or eGFP was inserted 5' of the MCS of the IRES-eGFP, IRES-eCFP or IRES-Puro-R containing PRIGs, respectively (<< dual color/selection >> PRIGs). Additionally, some of these PRIGs were also constructed in a pMigR MSCV background which has been widely used in pluripotent cells.


These novel vectors allow for straightforward detection of any expressed protein (3'HA PRIGs), for functional studies of chimeric proteins (<< modular >> PRIGs), for multiple transductions and fluorescence analyses of transduced cells (<< single color/resistance >> PRIGs), or for quantitative detection of studied proteins in independently identified/selected transduced cells (<< dual color/selection >> PRIGs). They maintain the original advantages of pPRIG and provide suitable tools for either transient or stable expression and functional studies in a large range of experimental settings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center