Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1991 Oct;40(2):297-300.

Effects of cold-restraint and swim stress on convulsions induced by pentylenetetrazol and electroshock: influence of naloxone pretreatment.

Author information

Department of Pharmacology, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil.


The influence of two stressogenic conditions, restraint at 4 degrees C for 30 min (cold-restraint stress; CRS) or swimming at 20 degrees C for 3 min (swim stress; SS), on nociception and on convulsions triggered by different agents was assessed in mice. In saline-pretreated mice CRS and SS caused analgesia (hot-plate test, 56 degrees C), delayed the onset of convulsions induced by pentylenetetrazol (PTZ, 100 mg/kg, IP) and aggravated convulsions elicited by maximal transcorneal electroshock (150 mA pulses at 60 Hz for 0.2 s). Pretreatment with naloxone (10 mg/kg, SC, 30 min prior to testing), which did not affect the responsiveness of nonstressed mice to the hot plate or to the convulsant treatments, attenuated the development of analgesia following CRS, but not SS, and further prolonged the latency to onset of PTZ-induced convulsions in both stressed groups. Thus the extent to which CRS and SS can each delay the onset of PTZ-triggered convulsion appears to be limited by activation of a proconvulsant opioid system. In contrast, naloxone pretreatment did not modify the effects of CRS or SS on the severity of electroshock-induced seizures. In conclusion, CRS and SS can each, simultaneously, exert anticonvulsant and proconvulsant influences on responsiveness to PTZ and electroshock, respectively. Also, both forms of stress can activate an opioid system modulating the onset of PTZ-induced seizures, which is distinct from that controlling nociception. These findings, together with those of other stress, convulsions and opioid systems, which depends on the characteristics of the stressogenic condition, species, convulsant agent and parameter considered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center