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J Phys Chem A. 2007 Dec 27;111(51):13291-5. Epub 2007 Dec 1.

Thermal behavior of 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene.

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Xi'an Modern Chemistry Research Institute, P. O. 18, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710065, China.


The thermal behavior of 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethlene (DADNE) was followed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG). In addition, it was further investigated by the combination techniques of in situ thermolysis cell or fast thermolysis probe with rapid-scan Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (thermolysis/RSFT-IR and fast thermolysis/RSFT-IR) and by mass spectroscopy (MS). The results showed that there was a phase transition (beta-DADNE to gamma-DADNE) at the temperature of 119 degrees C, and that the gas products of DADNE consisted of CO2, CO, NO2, NO, N2O, HCN, and HNCO, of which CO2, NO, N2O, and HCN present themselves in both the first and second stages of DADNE decomposition process, whereas CO, NO2, and HNCO are only caused by the second stage, in air atmosphere. The C=C and C-NH2 bonds of DADNE molecules are broken in the first stage of the decomposition process in open air, and one of the C-NO2 and one of the C-NH2 bonds of the molecules are broken in the same stage under electrospray ionization condition.

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