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Vasc Med. 2007 Nov;12(4):311-8.

Rosiglitazone improves endothelial function and inflammation but not asymmetric dimethylarginine or oxidative stress in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Department of Research, St Paul Heart Clinic, St Paul, MN, USA.


We compared the vascular effects of rosiglitazone versus glyburide and evaluated asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and oxidative stress as potential mechanisms associated with changes in vascular health in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Patients were randomized to 6 months of either rosiglitazone (n = 20) or glyburide (n = 16) in addition to metformin. The following variables were measured pre- and post-treatment: glucose, insulin, homeostasis model assessment (HOMA), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), C-peptide, blood pressure, lipids, C-reactive protein (CRP), ADMA, 8-isoprostane, oxidized LDL cholesterol, brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), endothelium-independent dilation (EID), and brachial and carotid artery stiffness. Rosiglitazone and glyburide treatment resulted in significant and equivalent decreases in glucose (p < 0.0001) and HbA1c (p < 0.0001), with a trend toward decreased HOMA (p = 0.09). Rosiglitazone significantly decreased C-peptide (p < 0.01) with a strong trend toward decreased fasting insulin (p = 0.05). Rosiglitazone reduced CRP compared with glyburide (p = 0.001), but no differences were observed between groups for ADMA or the markers of oxidative stress. Rosiglitazone significantly improved FMD (p < 0.05) with trends toward improvements in carotid artery distension (p = 0.099) and distensibility (p = 0.078). In conclusion, compared with glyburide, rosiglitazone improves endothelial function and CRP in patients with T2DM. These improvements are not associated with reductions in ADMA or markers of oxidative stress.

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