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Biochemistry. 2007 Dec 25;46(51):15123-35. Epub 2007 Nov 30.

Non-nearest-neighbor dependence of the stability for RNA bulge loops based on the complete set of group I single-nucleotide bulge loops.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Allegheny College, 520 North Main Street, Meadville, Pennsylvania 16335, USA.

Abstract

Fifty-nine RNA duplexes containing single-nucleotide bulge loops were optically melted in 1 M NaCl, and the thermodynamic parameters DeltaH degrees, DeltaS degrees, DeltaG 37 degrees, and TM for each sequence were determined. Sequences from this study were combined with sequences from previous studies [Longfellow, C. E., et al. (1990) Biochemistry 29, 278-285; Znosko, B. M., et al. (2002) Biochemistry 41, 10406-10417], thus examining all possible group I single-nucleotide bulge loop and nearest-neighbor sequence combinations. The free energy increments at 37 degrees C for the introduction of a group I single-nucleotide bulge loop range between 1.3 and 5.2 kcal/mol. The combined data were used to develop a model for predicting the free energy of a RNA duplex containing a single-nucleotide bulge. For bulge loops with adjacent Watson-Crick base pairs, neither the identity of the bulge nor the nearest-neighbor base pairs had an effect on the influence of the bulge loop on duplex stability. The proposed model for prediction of the stability of a duplex containing a bulged nucleotide was primarily affected by non-nearest-neighbor interactions. The destabilization of the duplex by the bulge was related to the stability of the stems adjacent to the bulge. Specifically, there was a direct correlation between the destabilization of the duplex and the stability of the less stable duplex stem. The stability of a duplex containing a bulged nucleotide adjacent to a wobble base pair also was primarily affected by non-nearest-neighbor interactions. Again, there was a direct correlation between the destabilization of the duplex and the stability of the less stable duplex stem. However, when one or both of the bulge nearest neighbors was a wobble base pair, the free energy increment for insertion of a bulge loop is dependent upon the position and orientation of the wobble base pair relative the bulged nucleotide. Bulge sequences of the type ((5'UBX)(3'GY)), ((5'GBG)(3'UU)) and ((5'UBU)(3'GG)) are less destabilizing by 0.6 kcal/mol, and bulge sequences of the type ((5'GBX)(3'UY)) and ((5'XBU)(3'YG)) are more destabilizing by 0.4 kcal/mol than bulge loops adjacent to Watson-Crick base pairs.

PMID:
18047298
PMCID:
PMC2537471
DOI:
10.1021/bi700736f
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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