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Occup Med (Lond). 2007 Dec;57(8):552-6.

Active and passive immunity, vaccine types, excipients and licensing.

Author information

1
Epidemiology and Health Sciences, Stopford Building, Manchester University Medical School, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK. baxter@nhs.net

Abstract

Abstract Immunity is the state of protection against infectious disease conferred either through an immune response generated by immunization or previous infection or by other non-immunological factors. This article reviews active and passive immunity and the differences between them: it also describes the four different commercially available vaccine types (live attenuated, killed/inactivated, subunit and toxoid): it also looks at how these different vaccines generate an adaptive immune response.

PMID:
18045976
DOI:
10.1093/occmed/kqm110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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