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Nefrologia. 2007;27(5):612-8.

[Oxidative stress analysis in patients on hemodiafiltration on-line].

[Article in Spanish]


Patients with chronic renal disease have a very high mortality due to cardiovascular disease. However, the traditional risk factors are not the only one explanation. Nowadays, there are new risk factors becoming, and one of these is the oxidative stress. Besides today we know that when these patients receive haemodialysis are being exposed to an additional oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to measure and to compare the degree of oxidative stress in two groups of patients on different dialysis techniques: a) On-Line Haemodiafiltration three times / week (OL-HDF). b) Daily Om-Line haemodiafiltration ( six times / week ) ( dOL-HDF) We studied 9 patients with chronic renal disease stage 5 on hemodialysis. They all were men, with a medium age of 72,5 +/- 6 years. Five patients were on dOL-HDFand four on tOL-HDF. Glutathione (GSH) concentration of patients on dOL-HDF before dialysis was 742+/- 153 nmol/ml and post-dialysis de 878+/- 223. Blood GSSG concentration before and after dialysis was 34+/- 14 nmol/ml y 137+/- 74 nmol/ml (p< 0,03). GSSG/GSH ratio pre-dialysis was 58+/-10 and post-dialysis 169+/-65 ( p < 0,03). In OL-HDF group GSSG concentration and the ratio GSSG/GSH also increased in a significative way from 99+/-45 nmol/ml to 179+/-66 nmol/ml, and from 161+/- 99 to 337+/-143 ( p<0,05). We also found differences in pCR concentrations between both groups; 3+/-1,4 g/l in dOL-HDF and 8,75+/-5,8 g/l in HDF OL. (p< 0,05). We did not find differences between xatine-oxidase activity before and after hemodialysis and between groups. In conclusion, patient with terminal chronic renal disease on OL-HDF receive an additional load of oxidative stress, as the increase in GSSG/GSH ratio in both groups shows. However patients on dHDF-OL shows low ratios GSSG/GSH post-hemodialysis and low pCR concentrations, and maybe this could be explained because daily on line haemodiafiltration improves purification of inflammatory mediators. Clue words: Hemodialysis, oxidative stress, glutathione, gssg/gsh ratio, xantine oxidasa.

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