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ISME J. 2007 Oct;1(6):471-9. Epub 2007 Aug 9.

Reductive dechlorination of chloroethenes by Dehalococcoides-containing cultures enriched from a polychlorinated-dioxin-contaminated microcosm.

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1
Department of Ecological Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Toyohashi, Japan. futamata@eco.tut.ac.jp

Abstract

The reductive dechlorinating abilities for chloroethenes of seven enrichment cultures from polychlorinated-dioxin-dechlorinating microcosm were investigated using culture-independent and -dependent methods. These cultures were constructed and maintained with 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene (1,2,3-TCB) or fthalide as an electron acceptor and hydrogen as an electron donor. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis of the amplified fragments targeting the 16S rRNA gene showed one or two major bands, whose nucleotide sequences were then analyzed and were found to suggest that Dehalococcoides was one of the dominant bacteria in all enrichment cultures. The nucleotide sequence data revealed that the identity of the major band was 100% identical to the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the Pinellas subgroup of the Dehalococcoides clusters, that is, strains CBDB1 and FL2. Genetic diagnosis targeting the pceA, tceA, bvcA, vcrA and reductive dehalogenase homologous (rdh) gene was performed to investigate the potential for reductive chloroethene dechlorination of cultures. The required length of PCR-amplified fragments was not observed, suggesting that these cultures are not capable of reductively dechlorinating chloroethenes. However, a culture-dependent test indicated that two cultures, TUT1903 and TUT1952, reductively dechlorinated tetrachloroethene (PCE) to trichloroethene (TCE), although not completely. While, TUT2260 and TUT2264 completely converted PCE to TCE and dichloroethenes, but not further. These results suggest that these TUT cultures might include a novel type of bacteria belonging to the Dehalococcoides group and that currently available information on both the 16S rRNA gene and rdh gene sequences is insufficient to definitively evaluate the potential abilities for reductive dechlorination.

PMID:
18043649
DOI:
10.1038/ismej.2007.42
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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