Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nutr Clin Pract. 2007 Dec;22(6):679-87.

Nonvitamin, nonmineral dietary supplementation in HIV-positive people.

Author information

  • 1Cambridge Health Alliance at Cambridge hospital, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.



Many consumers with chronic diseases attempt to take control of their health by using dietary supplements. The objective of this study was to describe current nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) supplement use of HIV-infected persons in the Nutrition for Healthy Living (NFHL) cohort, the financial burden that buying these supplements might pose to this population, and to review current literature on potential interactions between NVNM supplements.


At baseline visit, participants were educated by a registered dietitian on keeping a complete 3-day food record (including all supplements) for 2 weekdays and 1 weekend day. Seventy-two subjects reported consumption of NVNM supplements, and their food records were reviewed in detail.


Each of the 72 subjects in this study used a mean of 6 NVNM supplements, which may have been in the form of a pill, powder, bar, or liquid. The 6 most common were glutamine (51%), N-acetyl-cysteine (36%), fish oil (33%), alpha-lipoic acid (32%), acetyl-l-carnitine (28%), and coenzyme Q10 (28%). Participants were also taking an average of 4 vitamin/mineral supplements; the 6 most common were multivitamin/multimineral (83%), vitamin E (51%), vitamin C (47%), vitamin B complex (43%), calcium (29%), and selenium (28%).


With a total of 107 different types of NVNM supplements, our estimated cost examples indicated a weekly supplement regimen cost of between $25 and $40 dollars. According to literature review, taking an NVNM supplement may involve some risk because many components have not been studied and these products are not tightly regulated.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center