Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Transfusion. 2008 Feb;48(2):373-81. Epub 2007 Nov 26.

Routine fetal RHD genotyping with maternal plasma: a four-year experience in Belgium.

Author information

  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, the University Department of Fetal Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Régional de la Citadelle, Liège, Belgium.



The objective was to evaluate the diagnostic value of RHD fetal genotyping from the plasma of D- mothers as soon as 10 weeks' gestation in a routine clinical practice in Belgium.


A prospective study was conducted between November 2002 and December 2006. DNA extraction was performed in an automated closed tube system. Fetal RHD/SRY genotypes were detected in the plasma of 563 pregnant mothers by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting multiple exons 4, 5, and 10 of the RHD gene and targeting an SRY gene sequence. These were compared to the D phenotypes determined in the 581 babies they delivered.


By combining amplification of three exons, the concordance rate of fetal RHD genotypes in maternal plasma and newborn D phenotypes at delivery was 100 percent (99.8% including one unusual false-positive). The presence of nonfunctional RHD genes and the absence of a universal fetal marker, irrespective of fetal sex, did not influence the accuracy of fetal RhD status prediction. The RHD genotyping from 18 twin pregnancies was also assessed. Five weak D women were excluded from the RHD fetal genotyping prediction. Three discrepant results (0.5%) between predicted fetal genotype and cord blood phenotype were not confirmed by the baby phenotypes from venipuncture blood.


Prenatal prediction of fetal RHD by targeting multiple exons from the maternal plasma with real-time PCR is highly sensitive and accurate. Over 4 years, this experience has highly modified our management of D- pregnant women.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center