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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2008 Feb;41(3):279-85. Epub 2007 Nov 26.

Plasma HHV-6 viral load-guided preemptive therapy against HHV-6 encephalopathy after allogeneic stem cell transplantation: a prospective evaluation.

Author information

1
Blood Transfusion Center, Oita University Faculty of Medicine, Oita, Japan. mogata@med.oita-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) causes life-threatening encephalopathy in recipients of allogeneic SCT, but no consensus has been reached regarding appropriate preventive methods. This study evaluated a plasma HHV-6 viral load-guided preemptive approach against HHV-6-associated encephalopathy. Plasma real-time PCR assay was performed once a week. Among 29 patients, 19 developed positive plasma HHV-6 DNA. Median maximum plasma HHV-6 DNA was 4593.5 copies/ml plasma (range, 150.0-127 891.0 copies/ml plasma). In one of eight events with low-level HHV-6 DNA (defined as <1000 copies/ml plasma) and four of seven events with mid-level HHV-6 DNA (1000-9999.5 copies/ml plasma), HHV-6 loads in plasma subsequently continued increasing. Ganciclovir was administered against six of nine patients with high-level HHV-6 DNA (> or =10,000 copies/ml plasma). High-level HHV-6 DNA resolved similarly in both groups with or without ganciclovir therapy. Among the nine patients with high-level HHV-6 DNA two developed encephalopathy. As encephalopathy developed before the detection of high-level HHV-6 DNA in plasma, these two patients had not received preemptive ganciclovir therapy. In conclusion, our preemptive approach against HHV-6-associated encephalopathy cannot prevent all cases of HHV-6 encephalopathy in SCT recipients due to the dynamic kinetics of plasma HHV-6 viral load.

PMID:
18037945
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bmt.1705907
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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