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Br J Pharmacol. 2008 Feb;153(3):544-56. Epub 2007 Nov 26.

Cloning and pharmacological characterization of the guinea pig P2X7 receptor orthologue.

Author information

1
Neurology & GI Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline Research & Development Limited, New Frontiers Science Park, Harlow, Essex, UK. Elena.2.Fonfria@gsk.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

The human, rat, and mouse P2X(7) receptors have been previously characterized, and in this study we report the cloning and pharmacological properties of the guinea pig orthologue.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

A cDNA encoding for the guinea pig P2X(7) receptor was isolated from a guinea pig brain library. The receptor was expressed in U-2 OS cells using the BacMam viral expression system. A monoclonal antibody was used to confirm high levels of cell surface expression and the functional properties were determined in ethidium bromide accumulation studies.

KEY RESULTS:

The predicted guinea pig protein is one amino acid shorter than the human and rat orthologues and over 70% identical to the rat and human receptors. In contrast to human and rat P2X(7) receptors, 2'-&3'-O-(4benzoylbenzoyl)ATP (BzATP) was a partial agonist of the guinea pig P2X(7) receptor when compared to ATP and acted as an antagonist in some assays. However, as at other species orthologues, BzATP was more potent than ATP. The guinea pig P2X(7) receptor possessed higher affinity for 1-[N,O-bis(5-isoquinoline sulphonyl)-N-methyl-L-tyrosyl]-4-phenylpiperazine (KN62), suramin and Coomassie Brilliant Blue than human or rat P2X(7) receptors suggesting that it is pharmacologically different to other rodent or human P2X(7) receptors.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

The guinea pig recombinant P2X(7) receptor displays a number of unique properties that differentiate it from the human, rat and mouse orthologues and this structural and functional information should aid in our understanding of the interaction of agonists and antagonist with the P2X(7) receptor.

PMID:
18037910
PMCID:
PMC2241787
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bjp.0707596
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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