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Brain Res. 2008 Jan 10;1188:189-97. Epub 2007 Oct 26.

Interleukin-1beta interferes with signal transduction induced by neurotrophin-3 in cortical neurons.

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Neuro-Behavioral Biology Center, Institute of Science and Technology for Development, Mahidol University, Salaya Campus Nakorn Pathom, Thailand.


It was previously observed that IL-1beta interferes with BDNF-induced TrkB-mediated signal transduction and protection of cortical neurons from apoptosis evoked by deprivation from trophic support [Tong L., Balazs R., Soiampornkul R., Thangnipon W., Cotman C.W., 2007. Interleukin-1beta impairs brain derived neurotrophic factor-induced signal transduction. Neurobiol. Aging]. Here we investigated whether the effect of the cytokine on neurotrophin signaling is more general. The influence of IL-1beta on NT-3 signaling was therefore studied under conditions when NT-3 primarily activated the TrkC receptor. The cytokine reduced NT-3-induced activation of MAPK/ERK and Akt, but did not interfere with Trk receptor autophosphorylation. IL-1beta reduced tyrosine phosphorylation of the docking proteins, IRS-1 and Shc, which convey receptor activation to the downstream protein kinase cascades. These are the steps that are also inhibited by IL-1beta in BDNF-induced signal transduction. The functional consequences of the effect of IL-1beta on NT-3 signaling were severe, as NT-3 protection of the trophic support-deprived cortical neurons was abrogated. In view of the role in the maintenance and plasticity of neurons of ERK, Akt and CREB, which are activated by neurotrophins, elevated IL-1beta levels in the brain in Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases might contribute to the decline in cognitive functions before the pathological signs of the disease develop.

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