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J Pediatr Nurs. 2007 Dec;22(6):440-7.

Parental holding and positioning to decrease IV distress in young children: a randomized controlled trial.

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Barnes-Jewish College of Nursing and Allied Health, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.


Young children are generally restrained in supine position for IV starts, a position that creates fear but is presumed necessary. This study randomly assigned children of ages 9 months to 4 years (N = 118) to being held upright by a parent or lying flat on an exam table for their IV procedure. Distress scores as rated by the Procedure Behavior Rating Scale were significantly lower in the upright positioning group (p = .000); parents were more satisfied with the upright position, and the upright position did not significantly alter the number of IV attempts needed. The upright position appears to be an effective way to decrease IV distress in young children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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