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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2008 Jan 1;18(1):129-36. Epub 2007 Nov 4.

Identification and characterization of pyrrolidine diastereoisomers as potent functional agonists and antagonists of the human melanocortin-4 receptor.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Neurocrine Biosciences, Inc., 12790 El Camino Real, San Diego, CA 92130, USA.


A series of trans-4-phenylpyrrolidine-3-carboxamides were synthesized and characterized as potent ligands of the human melanocortin-4 receptor. Interestingly, a pair of diastereoisomers 13b displayed potent functional agonist and antagonist activity, respectively. Thus, the 3S,4R-pyrrolidine 13b-1 possessed a Ki of 1.0 nM and an EC50 of 3.8 nM, while its 3R,4S-isomer 13b-2 exhibited a Ki of 4.7 and an IC50 of 64 nM. Both compounds were highly selective over other melanocortin receptor subtypes. The MC4R agonist 13b-1 also demonstrated efficacy in a diet-induced obesity model in rats.

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