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Eur J Pharmacol. 2008 Feb 2;580(1-2):116-21. Epub 2007 Oct 30.

Effect of prostanoid EP4 receptor antagonist, CJ-042,794, in rat models of pain and inflammation.

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Pfizer Global Research and Development, Pfizer Inc., Discovery Biology Research, Nagoya Laboratories, 5-2, Taketoyo, Aichi, 470-2393, Japan.


Recent study suggests that the proinflammatory and nociceptive effects of prostaglandin E(2) are mediated by prostanoid receptor subtype EP(4) and prostanoid EP(4) receptor may be a potential target for the treatment of inflammatory pain. Here we describe pharmacological characterization of a novel prostanoid EP(4) receptor antagonist, CJ-042,794 (4-{(1S)-1-[({5-chloro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl) oxy] phenyl} carbonyl) amino] ethyl} benzoic acid) in comparison with piroxicam (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) or rofecoxib (cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor). CJ-042,794 competitively antagonized cAMP accumulation with a pA(2) value of 8.7 in HEK293 cells overexpressing rat prostanoid EP(4) receptors. Orally administered CJ-042,794 dose-dependently inhibited carrageenan-induced mechanical hyperalgesia with an ED(50) value of 4.7 mg/kg (11 micromol/kg) and its maximal activity was somewhat less effective than that of 10 mg/kg piroxicam (30 micromol/kg p.o.). When CJ-042,794 and rofecoxib were administered to adjuvant-induced arthritis rats on Days 12-22 twice daily, both compounds reversed paw swelling to normal levels. These results suggest that a pharmacological blockade of the prostanoid EP(4) receptor may represent a new therapeutic strategy in signs and symptomatic relief of osteoarthritis and/or rheumatoid arthritis.

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