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Biomacromolecules. 2007 Dec;8(12):3749-57. Epub 2007 Nov 22.

SH-containing cellulose acetate derivatives: preparation and characterization as a shape memory-recovery material.

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Division of Forest and Biomaterials Science, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.


Cellulose derivatives having a cross-linkable mercapto group were prepared by esterification of cellulose acetate (CA) with mercaptoacetic acid. The molecular structure of a series of products (CA-MA) was characterized by (1)H and (1)H- (13)C HMQC NMR spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography. The solubility of CA-MA in water and organic solvents could be controlled by changing the preparation conditions including the degree of acetyl substitution of the starting CA. The CA-MA samples thus synthesized showed a sol-gel transition in solution and a shape memory-recovery behavior in film form through adequate redox treatments due to the reversible, cross-linking association and dissociation between mercapto groups. Dimethyl sulfoxide was usable as the organic solvent and oxidant, while the major reducing reagent was 2-mercaptoethanol or ammonium mercaptoacetic acid. The progress of the redox reactions was followed by using a confocal depth scanning technique in Raman spectroscopy. It was found that the compatibility between the cellulose derivatives and the redox reagents used was an important factor for the successful reactions, especially in the samples of film form. The cross-linking effect on the thermal and viscoelastic properties of the CA-MA films was also estimated by differential scanning calorimetry and dynamic mechanical analysis. Discussion focused on the alternately declining and recovering behavior of a principal loss tan delta peak, observed following the redox treatments repeated for the CA-MA film specimens.

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