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Prof Case Manag. 2007 Nov-Dec;12(6):330-6; quiz 337-8.

A systematic review of nurse-assisted case management to improve hospital discharge transition outcomes for the elderly.

Author information

1
The University of California at Berkeley, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This article reviews 15 clinical trials of nurse-assisted case management intended to improve posthospital transitions of elderly patients to other settings.

PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING(S):

Hospitals.

METHODOLOGY AND SAMPLE:

The trials were selected after a systematic search of the PubMed database for the period 1996 to 2006.

RESULTS:

Eight of the 15 interventions showed reduced hospital readmission rates and/or fewer hospital days. These findings were observed across patients with "all cause" and heart failure, a variety of hospital types, and variations in the intervention. Reductions in the use of emergency departments were observed in 3 of the 11 studies investigating this. Lower expenditures were reported by all 6 studies reporting such comparisons.

IMPLICATIONS FOR CM PRACTICE:

Home visits/continuous contact with patients, early postdischarge and frequent contacts, patient education, and the use of specialized nurses who could offer appropriate training and coaching were often credited as program strengths.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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