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J Holist Nurs. 2007 Dec;25(4):238-48; discussion 249-51.

Breast biopsy and distress: feasibility of testing a Reiki intervention.

Author information

1
University of Washington School of Nursing.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this randomized pilot was to determine feasibility of testing Reiki, a complementary therapy intervention, for women undergoing breast biopsy (BB).

BACKGROUND:

Increasingly women face the possibility of BB, the definitive test for breast cancer. Psychological distress associated with BB includes anxiety and depression. Reiki was proposed as an intervention to decrease anxiety and promote relaxation.

METHOD:

Thirty-two women scheduled for BB were randomized to Reiki intervention versus conventional care control. Anxiety and depression were evaluated using self-report questionnaires.

FINDINGS:

Analysis found no significant mean differences between groups over time. Comparably low baseline anxiety levels (possible selection bias) decreased naturally with time allowing little room for observing treatment effect.

CONCLUSIONS:

Reiki, when administered in the naturalistic setting of a complementary therapy office, did not suggest evidence of efficacy. An intervention offered within the bounds of the conventional care setting may be more feasible for addressing BB distress.

PMID:
18029964
DOI:
10.1177/0898010107301618
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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