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Surv Ophthalmol. 2007 Nov-Dec;52(6):680-9.

Teaching and assessing systems-based competency in ophthalmology residency training programs.

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Department of Ophthalmology at the University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.


The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has mandated that residency programs, including ophthalmology, teach and assess specific competencies, including systems-based learning. We review the pertinent literature on systems-based learning for ophthalmology and recommend specific "good practices" to manage the ACGME mandate. Tools are required that both teach and assess systems based learning competency simultaneously, that are reliable and valid, that have low faculty burden, and that are affordable, practical, and fair. Future research should provide evidence that these interventions produce improved educational and patient outcomes and show proof of competence in systems based learning among residents and clinicians in practice.

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