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Bioorg Med Chem. 2008 Jan 15;16(2):732-8. Epub 2007 Oct 17.

Biflavonoids isolated from Selaginella tamariscina regulate the expression of matrix metalloproteinase in human skin fibroblasts.

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R&D Center, Amore-Pacific Corporation, 314-1, Bora-dong, Kiheung-gu, Yongin-si, Kyounggi-do 449-729, South Korea.


The methanol extract from Selaginella tamariscina significantly inhibited UV irradiation induced activity of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) in primary fibroblasts from human skin. Using the technique of bioassay-directed chromatographic separation, five biflavonoids were isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of S. tamariscina. Here, we investigated the effect of these five biflavonoids on the regulation of MMP-1 and -2 in UV irradiated cultured dermal fibroblasts from human neonatal foreskins. Among these biflavonoids, sumaflavone and amentoflavone showed significant MMP-1 inhibitory activity in primary human dermal fibroblasts after UV irradiation. The IC(50) values of sumaflavone, amentoflavone and retinoic acid, which was used as a positive control, were 0.78, 1.8, and 10microM, respectively.

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