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Eur J Neurosci. 2007 Dec;26(11):3093-103.

Expression of D1 but not D2 dopamine receptors in striatal neurons producing neurokinin B in rats.

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Department of Anatomy for Oral Sciences, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Advanced Therapeutic Course, Field of Neurology, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890-8544, Japan.


Neostriatal projection neurons are known to be largely divided into two groups, striatoentopeduncular/striatonigral and striatopallidal neurons, which mainly express D1 and D2 dopamine receptors, respectively. Recently, a small population of neostriatal neurons have been reported to produce neurokinin B (NKB), and send their axons mainly to the basal forebrain regions. To reveal which type of dopamine receptors were expressed by these NKB-producing neurons, we examined rat striatal neurons by combining immunofluorescence labeling for preprotachykinin B (PPTB), the precursor of NKB, and fluorescence in situ hybridization labeling for dopamine receptors. Fluorescent signals for D1 receptor mRNA were detected in 85-89% of PPTB-immunopositive neurons in the neostriatum, accumbens nucleus and lateral stripe of the striatum, whereas almost no signal for D2 receptor was observed in PPTB-positive striatal neurons. To further reveal intracellular signaling downstream of D1 receptor in PPTB-producing neurons, we used a double immunofluorescence labeling method to study the localization of some substrates for protein kinase A (PKA), which was known to be activated by D1 receptor. Although only 3-7% of PPTB-immunopositive striatal neurons displayed immunoreactivity for dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein of 32 kDa, a well-known PKA substrate expressed in the two major groups of neostriatal projection neurons, 60-64% of PPTB-positive striatal neurons exhibited immunoreactivity for striatal-enriched tyrosine phosphatase. These results suggest that NKB-producing neostriatal neurons are similar to striatoentopeduncular/striatonigral neurons in the usage of dopamine receptor subtypes, but different from the two major groups of neostriatal projection neurons in terms of the downstream signaling of dopamine receptors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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