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J Urban Health. 2008 Jan;85(1):100-13. Epub 2007 Nov 20.

Incarceration and risky sexual partnerships in a southern US city.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, CB 7435, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA. maria_khan@unc.edu

Abstract

Incarceration is strongly associated with HIV infection and may contribute to viral transmission by disrupting stable partnerships and promoting high-risk partnerships. We investigated incarceration and STI/HIV-related partnerships among a community-based sample recruited for a sexual behavior interview while frequenting venues where people meet sexual partners in a North Carolina city (N = 373). Men reporting incarceration in the past 12 months were more likely than men without recent incarceration to experience multiple new sexual partnerships (unadjusted prevalence ratio [PR] 1.8, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1-3.1) and transactional sex defined as trading sex for money, goods, or services (unadjusted PR: 4.0, 95% CI: 2.3-7.1) in the past 4 weeks. Likewise, women who were ever incarcerated were more likely than never-incarcerated women to experience recent multiple new partnerships (unadjusted PR: 3.1, 95% CI: 1.8-5.4) and transactional sex (unadjusted PR: 5.3, 95% CI: 2.6-10.9). Sexual partnership in the past 12 months with someone who had ever been incarcerated versus with partners with no known incarceration history was associated with recent multiple new partnerships (men: unadjusted PR 2.0, 95% CI 1.4-2.9, women: unadjusted PR 4.8, 95% CI 2.3-10.1) and transactional sex (men: unadjusted PR 3.3, 95% CI 1.7-6.6, women: unadjusted PR 6.1, 95% CI 2.4-15.4). Adjustment for demographic and socioeconomic variables had minimal effect on estimates. However, the strong overlap between incarceration, partner incarceration, and substance abuse had substantial effects in multivariable models. Correctional-facility and community-based HIV prevention, with substance abuse treatment, should reach currently and formerly incarcerated individuals and their sexual partners.

PMID:
18027088
PMCID:
PMC2430135
DOI:
10.1007/s11524-007-9237-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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