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Electrophoresis. 1991 Oct;12(10):736-46.

A two-dimensional electrophoresis-related laboratory information processing system: spot matching.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.


An approach for the computer-assisted analysis of two-dimensional gels has been developed as a part of our laboratory information processing system (LIPS). This approach relies in part on an algorithm for the pairwise matching of protein spots. The matching process initially matches spots based on a cross-correlational measure of how well neighboring spots align. While this first pass correctly determines most spot correspondences and noncorrespondences, it can make errors. Higher accuracy is obtained by monitoring the consistency of spot match decisions in a second pass, which demands that neighboring spot pairs that align spatially must also have been found to match in the first pass. Pairwise comparisons of gels are combined into n-way comparisons by matching spot lists of gels to "master" gel spot lists, which in turn are matched to higher level masters, resulting in a hierarchy of matched spots. After each pairwise match the results are reviewed and corrected with the assistance of a graphical match-editor. Results are given for 19 single-cell-derived lymphoid clones in which the presence of a mutation had previously been established, each processed in duplicate. Only one of 46 spot changes failed to be detected, which demonstrates that the strategy is sensitive and efficient for detecting qualitative spot differences.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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