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Oncogene. 2008 May 1;27(20):2851-7. Epub 2007 Nov 19.

A key in vivo antitumor mechanism of action of natural product-based brassinins is inhibition of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase.

Author information

1
NewLink Genetics Corporation, Ames, IA, USA.

Abstract

Agents that interfere with tumoral immune tolerance may be useful to prevent or treat cancer. Brassinin is a phytoalexin, a class of natural products derived from plants that includes the widely known compound resveratrol. Brassinin has been demonstrated to have chemopreventive activity in preclinical models but the mechanisms underlying its anticancer properties are unknown. Here, we show that brassinin and a synthetic derivative 5-bromo-brassinin (5-Br-brassinin) are bioavailable inhibitors of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), a pro-toleragenic enzyme that drives immune escape in cancer. Like other known IDO inhibitors, both of these compounds combined with chemotherapy to elicit regression of autochthonous mammary gland tumors in MMTV-Neu mice. Furthermore, growth of highly aggressive melanoma isograft tumors was suppressed by single agent treatment with 5-Br-brassinin. This response to treatment was lost in athymic mice, indicating a requirement for active host T-cell immunity, and in IDO-null knockout mice, providing direct genetic evidence that IDO inhibition is essential to the antitumor mechanism of action of 5-Br-brassinin. The natural product brassinin thus provides the structural basis for a new class of compounds with in vivo anticancer activity that is mediated through the inhibition of IDO.

PMID:
18026137
DOI:
10.1038/sj.onc.1210939
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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