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Complement Inflamm. 1991;8(5-6):288-93.

Association of major histocompatibility complex class III complement components C2, BF, and C4 with Brazilian paracoccidioidomycosis.

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Departamento de Patologia M├ędica, Hospital de Clinicas, UFPR, Curitiba, Brazil.


A genetic influence of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) on the susceptibility and the development of the different clinical forms of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) has been postulated. In the present investigation allotypes of MHC-coded class III gene products (complement components C2, BF, C4A, and B) were determined in 69 Brazilian PCM patients and 225 healthy control individuals matched for ethnic and geographic origin. The frequency of the non-expressed C4B allele (C4B*Q0) was significantly elevated in comparison to the controls (p less than 0.01; Fisher's exact test). Three out of 69 patients had a complete C4B deficiency as against 2 among 223 control individuals. The C4A*Q0 allele was also more frequent in the patients. Other C4 alleles were not seen to differ between the two groups. The analysis of BF allotypes showed a non-significant predominance of the rarer allele BF*S07 in the patients, whereas no difference in the distribution of C2 alleles was seen. The data on MHC class III association may support the hypothesis of immune response modulation in PCM and suggest a functional genetic role of complement action against the fungus and in the outcome of PCM infection. We conclude that MHC class III products, especially C4B*Q0, are associated with chronic uni- or multifocal PCM and may influence the course of the infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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