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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Jan 18;365(3):496-502. Epub 2007 Nov 20.

Brain cancer stem-like cell genesis from p53-deficient mouse astrocytes by oncogenic Ras.

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Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Anam-dong, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-713, Republic of Korea.


Here, we show that H-ras(V12) causes the p53-knockout mouse astrocytes (p53-/- astrocytes) to be transformed into brain cancer stem-like cells. H-ras(V12) triggers the p53-/- astrocytes to express a Nestin and a Cd133, which are expressed in normal and cancer neural stem cells. H-ras(V12) also induces the formation of a single cell-derived neurosphere under neural stem cell culture conditions. Furthermore, H-ras(V12)-overexpressing p53-/- astrocytes (p53-/-ast-H-ras(V12)) possess an in vitro self-renewal capacity, and are aberrantly differentiated into Tuj1-positve neurons both in vitro and in vivo. Amongst a variety of Ras-mediated canonical signaling pathways, we demonstrated that the MEK/ERK signaling pathway is responsible for neurosphere formation in p53-deficient astrocytes, whereas the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway is involved in oncogenic transformation in these cells. These findings suggest that the activation of Ras signaling pathways promotes the generation of brain cancer stem-like cells from p53-deficient mouse astrocytes by changing cell fate and transforming cell properties.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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