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Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2008 Feb;192(2):165-72. Epub 2007 Nov 16.

Cytoskeletal control of vesicle transport and exocytosis in chromaffin cells.

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Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.


Chromaffin cell exocytosis is a fascinating interplay between secretory vesicles and cellular components. One of these components is the cytoskeleton and its associated regulatory proteins. Transport of chromaffin secretory granules from their site of biosynthesis towards the active site of exocytosis requires both F-actin fine remodelling as well as microtubule trails. At least two molecular motors, myosins II and V, seem to play a crucial role in the control of F-actin dynamics and vectorial vesicle displacement respectively. Vesicle movement experiences spatial restrictions as they approach the cell cortical region, where the F-actin meshwork constitutes a barrier-limiting vesicle access to the plasmalemma. During secretion, cortical F-actin is locally disrupted providing access of vesicles to release sites on the plasmalemma. Removal of the stimulus restores cortical F-actin. Two pathways (Ca2+-scinderin and PKC-MARCKS) control F-actin changes during the secretory cycle . Furthermore, GTPases such as RhoA, that controls F-actin network integrity, and Cdc42 signalling which induces the formation of local actin filaments at active sites, provide additional evidence on the importance of F-actin as a key element in vesicle transport and in the exocytotic machinery of chromaffin cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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