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Aging Clin Exp Res. 2007 Oct;19(5):394-9.

Does music enhance cognitive performance in healthy older adults? The Vivaldi effect.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Chieti G.D'Annunzio and Università Telematica L. Da Vinci, Chieti, Italy. n.mammarella@unich.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Controversial evidence suggests that music can enhance cognitive performance. In the present study, we examined whether listening to an excerpt of Vivaldi's "Four Seasons" had a positive effect on older adults' cognitive performance in two working memory tasks.

METHODS:

With a repeated-measures design, older adults were presented with the forward version of the digit span and phonemic fluency in classical music, white-noise and no-music conditions.

RESULTS:

Classical music significantly increased working memory performance compared with the no-music condition. In addition, this effect did not occur with white noise.

CONCLUSION:

The authors discuss this finding in terms of the arousal-and-mood hypothesis and the role of working memory resources in aging.

PMID:
18007118
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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