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Am J Dig Dis. 1977 Aug;22(8):677-84.

Effects of cimetidine, a histamine H2-receptor antagonist, on various experimental gastric and duodenal ulcers.

Abstract

The effects of cimetidine, a new histamine H2-receptor antagonist, on the development of experimental gastric and duodenal ulcers were studied. It was found that either by the oral, intraduodenal, or intraperitoneal route this agent had a marked inhibitory activity on stress-, aspirin-, indomethacin-, or histamine-induced gastric ulcers in rats and guinea pigs. The effects of cimetidine on stress-, aspirin-, and indomethacin-induced gastric ulcers were dose-dependent in many cases. Pylorus-ligation uclers, reserpine- or serotonin-induced gastric ulcers were little influenced by cimetidine. Duodenal ulcers induced by continuous infusion of carbachol-histamine were significantly inhibited by a simultaneous infusion of cimetidine. An analysis of gastric contents in pylorus-ligated rats after stressing indicated a decreased volume and acid output as the result of intraduodenal cimetidine treatment. In contrast, cimetidine exerted little influence on gastric secretion in rats treated with aspirin or in guinea pigs treated with histamine. Thus, the mechanism of action of cimetidine in preventing gastric or duodenal ulcers is likely to occur by suppression of gastric secretory function in a duodenal ulcer model but by suppression of other unknown ulcerogenic factors in gastric ulcer models.

PMID:
18007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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