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Cardiovasc Res. 2008 Jan;77(1):98-106. Epub 2007 Oct 4.

A KCNE2 mutation in a patient with cardiac arrhythmia induced by auditory stimuli and serum electrolyte imbalance.

Author information

1
Greenberg Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Weill Medical College, Cornell University, 520 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021, USA.

Abstract

AIMS:

Auditory stimulus-induced long QT syndrome (LQTS) is almost exclusively linked to mutations in the hERG potassium channel, which generates the I Kr ventricular repolarization current. Here, a young woman with prior episodes of auditory stimulus-induced syncope presented with LQTS and ventricular fibrillation (VF) with hypomagnesaemia and hypocalcaemia after completing a marathon, followed by subsequent VF with hypokalaemia. The patient was found to harbour a KCNE2 gene mutation encoding a T10M amino acid substitution in MiRP1, an ancillary subunit that co-assembles with and functionally modulates hERG. Other family members with the mutation were asymptomatic, and the proband had no mutations in hERG or other LQTS-linked cardiac ion channel genes. The T10M mutation was absent from 578 unrelated, ethnically matched control chromosomes analysed here and was previously described only once-in an LQTS patient-but not functionally characterized.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

T10M-MiRP1-hERG currents were assessed using whole-cell voltage clamp of transfected Chinese Hamster ovary cells. T10M-MiRP1-hERG channels showed <or=80% reduced tail current, left-shifted steady-state inactivation, and 50% slower recovery from inactivation when compared with wild-type channels, with mixed wild-type/T10M channels displaying an intermediate phenotype. Lowering bath K+ concentration reduced wild-type and T10M currents equivalently.

CONCLUSION:

Data suggest a mechanism for reduced penetrance, inherited arrhythmia in which baseline I Kr current reduction by the T10M mutation is exacerbated by superimposition of arrhythmogenic substrates such as auditory stimuli, or electrolyte disturbances that reduce I Kr (hypokalaemia) or otherwise lower the ventricular threshold for fibrillation (hypomagnesaemia and hypocalcaemia). This first example of a MiRP1 mutation associated with auditory stimulus-induced arrhythmia is supportive of the hypothesis that MiRP1 regulates hERG in the human heart.

PMID:
18006462
DOI:
10.1093/cvr/cvm030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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