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Cardiovasc Res. 2008 Jan 15;77(2):245-55. Epub 2007 Oct 15.

Modulation of ryanodine receptor by luminal calcium and accessory proteins in health and cardiac disease.

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Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, 505 Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University, 473 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.


The cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) is the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) release channel which is responsible for generation of the cytosolic Ca(2+) transient required for activation of cardiac contraction. RyR2 functional activity is governed by changes in [Ca(2+)] on both the cytosolic and luminal phase of the RyR2 channel. Activation of RyR2 by cytosolic Ca(2+) results in Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release (CICR) from the SR. The decline in luminal [Ca(2+)] following release contributes to termination of CICR and Ca(2+) signalling refractoriness through the process of luminal Ca(2+)-dependent deactivation of RyR2s. The control of RyR2s by luminal Ca(2+) involves coordinated interaction of the channel with several SR proteins, including the Ca(2+)-binding protein calsequestrin (CASQ2), and the integral proteins triadin 1 (TRD) and junctin (JCN). CASQ2 in addition to serving as a Ca(2+) storage site and a luminal Ca(2+) buffer modulates RyR2 function more directly as a putative luminal Ca(2+) sensor. TRD and JCN, stimulatory by themselves, mediate the interactions between CASQ2 and RyR2. Acquired and genetic defects in proteins of this junctional Ca(2+) signalling complex lead to disease states such as cardiac arrhythmia and heart failure by impairing luminal Ca(2+) regulation of RyR2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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