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Cardiovasc Res. 2008 Jan 15;77(2):245-55. Epub 2007 Oct 15.

Modulation of ryanodine receptor by luminal calcium and accessory proteins in health and cardiac disease.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, 505 Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University, 473 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. sandor.gyorke@osumc.edu

Abstract

The cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) is the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) release channel which is responsible for generation of the cytosolic Ca(2+) transient required for activation of cardiac contraction. RyR2 functional activity is governed by changes in [Ca(2+)] on both the cytosolic and luminal phase of the RyR2 channel. Activation of RyR2 by cytosolic Ca(2+) results in Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release (CICR) from the SR. The decline in luminal [Ca(2+)] following release contributes to termination of CICR and Ca(2+) signalling refractoriness through the process of luminal Ca(2+)-dependent deactivation of RyR2s. The control of RyR2s by luminal Ca(2+) involves coordinated interaction of the channel with several SR proteins, including the Ca(2+)-binding protein calsequestrin (CASQ2), and the integral proteins triadin 1 (TRD) and junctin (JCN). CASQ2 in addition to serving as a Ca(2+) storage site and a luminal Ca(2+) buffer modulates RyR2 function more directly as a putative luminal Ca(2+) sensor. TRD and JCN, stimulatory by themselves, mediate the interactions between CASQ2 and RyR2. Acquired and genetic defects in proteins of this junctional Ca(2+) signalling complex lead to disease states such as cardiac arrhythmia and heart failure by impairing luminal Ca(2+) regulation of RyR2.

PMID:
18006456
DOI:
10.1093/cvr/cvm038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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