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Artif Organs. 2008 Feb;32(2):127-35. Epub 2007 Nov 14.

Magnetic design for the PediaFlow ventricular assist device.

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1
Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea. mnoh@cnu.ac.kr

Abstract

This article describes a design process for a new pediatric ventricular assist device, the PediaFlow. The pump is embodied in a magnetically levitated turbodynamic design that was developed explicitly based on the requirements for chronic support of infants and small children. The procedure entailed the consideration of multiple pump topologies, from which an axial mixed-flow configuration was chosen for further development. The magnetic design includes permanent-magnet (PM) passive bearings for radial support of the rotor, an actively controlled thrust actuator for axial support, and a brushless direct current (DC) motor for rotation. These components are closely coupled both geometrically and magnetically, and were therefore optimized in parallel, using electromagnetic, rotordynamic models and fluid models, and in consideration of hydrodynamic requirements. Multiple design objectives were considered, including efficiency, size, and margin between critical speeds to operating speed. The former depends upon the radial and yaw stiffnesses of the PM bearings. Analytical expressions for the stiffnesses were derived and verified through finite element analysis (FEA). A toroidally wound motor was designed for high efficiency and minimal additional negative radial stiffness. The design process relies heavily on optimization at the component level and system level. The results of this preliminary design optimization yielded a pump design with an overall stability margin of 15%, based on a pressure rise of 100 mm Hg at 0.5 lpm running at 16,000 rpm.

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